Our Transportation Services Division (TSD) serves as the definitive source for economic analysis of agricultural transportation from farm to market. TSD experts support domestic and international agribusinesses by providing market reports, economic analysis, transportation disruption reports, technical assistance, and outreach to various industry stakeholders.
Tracking developments in truck, rail, barge, and ocean transportation, TSD provides information and analysis on the four major modes of moving food from farm to table, port to market.
Reports of Interest
- 08-2023: Updated Grain Modal Share Report and Data (1978-2020)
- 07-2023: Central Plains Grain Farm Truck Fleet and Marketing Patterns (pdf)
- 06-2023: The Prospects for Developing Inland Logistics Ports in California (pdf)
Agricultural Transportation Open Data Platform
AgTransport is a free, open-data platform that complements and enhances our visualization and data products. AgTransport includes dashboards and interactive reports derived from our rail, barge, truck, and ocean transportation datasets. Visualizations on the platform can be filtered to specific modes and market segments, and users can create their own visualizations from the data. Additionally, data can be downloaded in a variety of open formats and include OData and API endpoints to automate the data distribution process.
Find analysis and information about market developments affecting rail, barge, truck, and ocean vessel movements of grain.
Find insights into transportation of other agricultural products and information about the many agricultural products that require special handling and services during transit.
Find analysis of international transportation, including the latest transportation costs, volumes, and other market developments in Brazil and Mexico; and other related information.
Find useful information and analysis on the transportation of agricultural products and the four major modes– trucking, railroads, barges, and ocean vessels– used to move food from farms to our tables and to ports for export to foreign markets. Find results of on-going research and analysis presented in issue papers and presentations, as well as additional resources available by mode and commodity.
Find brief updates as well as comments provided to various regulatory agencies by USDA and AMS, representing the interests of agricultural shippers under the authority of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, and International Carriage of Perishable Foodstuffs Act of 1982.
Ongoing, in-depth research and analysis helps provide an efficient and reliable transportation system that benefits agricultural and other shippers. The Transportation Services Division of USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service periodically sponsors cooperative research on transportation matters of importance to USDA stakeholders.
Find datasets that are used in producing many of the Transportation Services Division’s publications. These datasets are now available in Excel format for the transportation of grain, biofuels, and other agricultural products.
Alternative formats are available at agtransport.usda.gov. USDA is providing this open data visualization platform from a 3rd party vendor. The vendor may have different terms of service than USDA. Use of this resource is optional; users may continue to access agricultural transportation datasets and pdf reports on the AMS Transportation webpage.