PVPO administers the Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970 (as amended in 1994) which provides intellectual property protection for new varieties of seed- and tuber- propagated plants. It is a fee-for-service program. Upon receiving applications, we examine them to establish that they are new, distinct, uniform and stable. We then issue certificates of protection which give owners 20 years (25 for trees and vines) of exclusive rights. The following are general program requirements:
- Completion of all application forms.
- Payment of fees: A fee of $4,382 must be paid with the application; a certificate fee of $768 must be paid upon issuance of the certificate. These fees are subject to change and are non-refundable. Click here for a complete list of services and fees.
- Provide a variety name that doesn’t conflict with an existing name for that crop.
- Deposit of seeds or tissue cultures:
- 3,000 viable untreated seeds of the variety; additionally for hybrids, 3,000 seeds of each parent needed to reproduce the variety.
- Live tissue culture samples (for potatoes) of the variety and payment of tissue culture fees. Ten (10) separate in-vitro plants (1 plant per tube) 4 to 6 weeks old, firmly rooted in one percent agar. It is recommended that plantlets be sent by an overnight delivery service to minimize the risk of damage. Payment information is listed under services and fees.