International Trade with Mexico

Trade of organic products between the U.S. and Mexico is significant and growing. In 2017, U.S. exports of selected organic products to Mexico totaled more than $133 million, while U.S. organic imports from Mexico during that same time topped $278 million. Since Harmonized Tariff Schedule Codes do not track many organic products, the actual value of organic trade between the two countries is undoubtedly much higher.

Organic Standards

Organic products currently exported from Mexico into the U.S. must be certified to the USDA organic regulations. Two dozen USDA-accredited certifiers operate in Mexico and more than 1,600 USDA-certified organic operations operating within its borders.

Mexico’s Organic Products Law and regulations for organic production were implemented in April 2017. These regulations require all organic products sold in Mexico to be certified under the Mexican organic standards or to a standard that has been deemed equivalent under an organic equivalency arrangement. The USDA and Mexico’s National Service for Animal and Plant Health, Food Safety and Quality (SENASICA) are evaluating each other’s systems to determine whether an organic equivalency arrangement could be established between the U.S. and Mexico.

Importing Organic Products to the U.S.

Organic products imported to the U.S. from Mexico must be certified to the USDA organic regulations by a USDA Organic Certifying Agent.

Exporting Organic to Mexico

Currently, USDA-certified products may be exported to Mexico. Contact an accredited certifying agent for assistance with the requirements for exporting organic products to Mexico. The U.S. and Mexico hope to sign an arrangement to allow USDA-certified product to continue to be sold in Mexico under organic equivalency arrangement.

Labeling Requirements

Retail product labels or stickers must state the name of the U.S. certifying agent and may use the USDA Organic seal.

Oversight

As part of their work towards organic equivalency, the United States and Mexico have formed a Joint U.S.-Mexico Organic Compliance Committee to strengthen monitoring and enforcement controls on organic products traded between the two countries.

Additional Resources