AMS-GD-2020-30 - Lentils

  1. When inspecting decorticated (i.e., seedcoat removed ) lentils, do the lentil standards apply or are they considered a “Not Standardized Commodity?”

    Decorticated lentils are a processed commodity and as a result, would be certified as Decorticated Lentils. Consequently, they may be inspected for quality factors (e.g., damaged kernels, skinned lentils, etc.), but not graded. Apply the same factor definitions and interpretations to decorticated lentils as are applied to unprocessed lentils. Refer to Skinned Lentils.
  1. If you have a sample of lentils that contains obvious contrasting classes, can the sample be made Good color?

    Yes, provided the overall color of the predominating and contrasting lentils are of a good natural color. Refer to Color.
  2. When processing Thresher-Run Lentils, the handbook states that the air should be set to 9. Is it permissible to run Thresher-Run Lentils with the air setting at 6?

    Yes, depending on the model being used. The particular model will dictate the position at which maximum airflow is achieved. For example, with the XT-1, the setting may very well approach 9. For the XT-3, a setting of 6 offers maximum airflow. The important thing to remember is to use the setting that provides the greatest amount of air. Consult your local equipment specialist for guidance, if needed. 
  3. How do pods with lentils inside function in a thresher-run sample? 

    ANSWER. Dockage. Refer to Dockage.

  1. Individual factors/sub factors identified and considered in the assessment of “Defective Lentils” can only be scored once against the total and are scored in the following order: weevil-damaged, heat-damaged, damaged, and split lentils. The handbook states that damaged contrasting lentils function as damaged lentils and contrasting lentils. Can a contrasting lentil also function as weevil damage, heat damage, split lentil or skinned lentil? 

    ANSWER: Yes. But keep in mind the restriction placed on the scoring of “defective” lentils. Contrasting lentils can also function as skinned lentils (no restriction), but can only be scored once against damage, weevil damage, heat damage, or split lentils.
  2. In the Upper Midwest, lentils which have been handled through grain facilities are seeing an increase in very small broken pieces of lentils. It is very time consuming to hand separate the small pieces of lentils and lentil seed coats. Can substantially small pieces of lentils be sieved and function as foreign material instead of splits?

    No. Industry is reluctant to support any change in the broad definition of splits at this time. Consequently, until current definitions for splits and foreign material are modified, small pieces of lentils function as splits, and small pieces of seed coats function as foreign material.
  3. Is there any intention of making an Interpretive Line Print (ILP) for color for Crimson (red cotyledon) Lentils?

    No. Industry feels that a separate ILP for Crimson Lentils is not necessary. It is up to the inspector’s discretion and experience to use either the Pardina or the Regular lentil Interpretive Line Prints for color.
  4. Does color apply to bleached out lentils?

    Yes. After consultation with the Pea & Lentil Association, bleached out lentils do affect the marketing of lentils. It is up to the inspector’s discretion and experience to use either the Pardina or Regular lentil Interpretive Line Print (ILP) for color. When comparing the bleached lentil sample to the prints one should compare the amount of bleached out lentils to the amount of oxidized lentils, but the intensity only needs to contrast to the normal lentil color. Refer to Color. 
  5. The current ILPs for non-uniform lentils show the amount and intensity of discolored lentils needed in a sample to affect color. Can the intensity of the discolored lentils be lighter than shown?

    Yes. After consultation with the Pea & Lentils Association, they agreed that the amount of discolored lentils as shown is required but the intensity of the discolored lentils can be lighter if the lentils contrast with the remainder of the sample.
  6. What are considered two or more dead insects in Lentils? 

    ANSWER. Any two insects or parts thereof. (A head and a leg of a grasshopper would be considered as 2 dead insects.) If 2 or more dead insects or pieces are found in a sample of Dockage-Free Lentils, it is considered SG/DLQ and counted toward the percent of FM. If 2 or more dead insects or pieces are found in a sample of Thresher-Run Lentils after the removal of dockage, it is ONLY counted toward the percent of FM. However, if an applicant requests a Grade Equivalent Statement/After Dockage Statement on how the Thresher-Run Lentils would have graded after the removal of DKG, then the Lentils would be considered Sample Grade on account of DLQ due to 2 or more dead insects found in the sample after the removal of DKG. Refer to Distinctly Low Quality and Foreign Material. EXAMPLE. “After the removal of dockage, this thresher-run lot would have graded U.S. Sample Grade Lentils under the U.S. standards for dockage-free lentils.” “Condition of Lentils: Distinctly Low Quality due to 2 dead insects.” 


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