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Seed Regulatory and Testing
Seed Regulatory and Testing Services  
The Seed Regulatory and Testing Division enforces interstate commerce provisions of the Federal Seed Act (FSA) and provides seed testing service under the Agricultural Marketing Act.

Federal Seed Act

  • The Federal Seed Act regulates the interstate shipment of agricultural and vegetable seeds.
  • The FSA requires that seed shipped in interstate commerce be labeled with information that allows seed buyers to make informed choices.
  • Seed labeling information and advertisements pertaining to the seed must be truthful.
  • The FSA helps promote uniformity among State laws and fair competition within the seed trade.

Complaints Under the Federal Seed Act

Complaints involving mislabeled seed are submitted to the Division for investigation. Most complaints are submitted by State seed control officials through existing cooperative agreements. They may be submitted by anyone.

Regulatory action is taken against the interstate shipper, when the violation is confirmed.

State inspectors routinely inspect and sample seed shipments being marketed in their States.

Information on interstate shipments found to be mislabeled may be submitted to the Seed Regulatory and Testing Division for action, such as:

  • letter of warning for minor violations and technical violations
  • monetary penalty for serious violations



Seed Regulatory and Testing Division
LPS, AMS, U.S. Department of Agriculture
801 Summit Crossing Place, Suite C
Gastonia, North Carolina 28054-2193

I Want Info On
  Seed Testing Services  
  Variety Names  
  OECD Seed Schemes  
  Accredited Seed Programs  
  AMS Code Designation  
  Seed Grader Program  
  Federal Seed Act Cases Settled - PDF file  
  Subscribe to Publications  
  Reserve Seed Collection  
  Seed Contacts  
  Customer Service Standards  
Additional Information
  AMS Plant Variety Protection Office  
  ARS Germplasm Resource Information Network (GRIN)  
  APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Noxious Weeds  
  Last Modified Date: 11/21/2013