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Agricultural Transportation

The Transportation Services Division (TSD) serves as the expert source for economic analysis on agricultural transportation from farm to markets. As part of USDA, we inform, represent, and assist agricultural shippers and government policymakers through: market reports, regulatory representation, economic analysis, transportation disruption reports, technical assistance, outreach to stakeholders, responding to inquiries.

SPOTLIGHT ON: Wheat Transportation Profile

Photo: Cover of Wheat Transportation Profile Report featuring close up of wheat fields.
The Wheat Transportation Profile is the third in a series of grain transportation profiles and continues to examine the importance of the freight transportation system to grain producers and consumers here and abroad. The report presents an overview of the U.S. wheat supply-and-demand factors that have transportation implications. The report points out that U.S. wheat production has remained almost unchanged since the 1990’s, with increased yields and lower number of wheat acres planted and harvested. Despite unchanged production levels, the United States continues to be a major wheat exporter. Between 2009 and 2013, the United States claimed an average 20 percent annually of the world wheat trade. In 2013, 36 percent of wheat was exported through the Pacific Northwest, 27 percent through the Texas Gulf, and 29 percent through the Mississippi Gulf destined mainly for Asia, Mexico, Brazil, and Nigeria. If USDA’s long-term projections for U.S. wheat exports to continue to slowly grow and remain above 1 billion bushels, wheat shippers will continue to rely on effective rail service to deliver the grain from the fields in the Midwest to the distant ports for loading on vessels destined around the world.

What's New

U.S. Grain Transportation

Find analysis and information about market developments affecting rail, barge, truck, and ocean vessel movements of grain in these reports.

Transportation of Other Agricultural Products

International Transportation Analysis

Agricultural Transportation Research and Information Center

Find useful information and analysis on the transportation of agricultural products and the four major modes– trucking, railroads, barges, and ocean vessels– used to move food from farms to our tables and to ports for export to foreign markets. Find results of on-going research and analysis presented in issue papers and presentations, as well as additional resources available by mode and commodity.

Regulatory Representation

Find comments provided to various regulatory agencies by USDA and AMS, representing the interests of agricultural shippers under the authority of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, and International Carriage of Perishable Foodstuffs Act of 1982.


Find datasets that are used in producing many of the Transportation Services Division’s publications. These datasets are now available in Excel format for the transportation of grain, biofuels, and other agricultural products.

  Last Modified Date: 02/26/2015