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Agricultural Transportation
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Agricultural Transportation

The Transportation Services Division (TSD) serves as the expert source for economic analysis on agricultural transportation from farm to markets. As part of USDA, we inform, represent, and assist agricultural shippers and government policymakers through: market reports, regulatory representation, economic analysis, transportation disruption reports, technical assistance, outreach to stakeholders, responding to inquiries.

SPOTLIGHT ON: Corn Transportation Profile

Photo: Cover of Corn Transportation Profile Report featuring field of corn crop.
Agricultural freight moves by truck, rail, and barge along the nation’s vast network of highways, rail lines, and navigable waterways, competing with other freight for capacity. The United States is the world’s largest producer and exporter of corn, accounting for roughly half of the world corn trade, on average every year for the past 10 years. Corn makes up roughly 96 percent of total U.S. feed grain production. Most U.S. corn is produced in just seven States and is shipped by rail, barge, and truck to feedlots, feed mills, ethanol refineries, and ports for export. Corn growers, shippers, and consumers depend on the freight transportation system, which is crucial to U.S. agriculture remaining competitive in world markets.

Read the Corn Transportation Profile Report (.pdf).

What's New

U.S. Grain Transportation

Find analysis and information about market developments affecting rail, barge, truck, and ocean vessel movements of grain in these reports.

Transportation of Other Agricultural Products

International Transportation Analysis

Agricultural Transportation Research and Information Center

Find useful information and analysis on the transportation of agricultural products and the four major modes– trucking, railroads, barges, and ocean vessels– used to move food from farms to our tables and to ports for export to foreign markets. Find results of on-going research and analysis presented in issue papers and presentations, as well as additional resources available by mode and commodity.

Regulatory Representation

Find comments provided to various regulatory agencies by USDA and AMS, representing the interests of agricultural shippers under the authority of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, and International Carriage of Perishable Foodstuffs Act of 1982.


Find datasets that are used in producing many of the Transportation Services Division’s publications. These datasets are now available in Excel format for the transportation of grain, biofuels, and other agricultural products.

  Last Modified Date: 09/15/2014