The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) National Organic Program (NOP) is responsible for ensuring the integrity of the USDA organic seal. Rapid organic growth has increased the complexity of supply chains that carry organic products from farm to table. AMS continues to address new oversight challenges created by industry growth and increased market complexity.
This report responds to recommendations from the USDA Office of the Inspector General concerning the oversight of imported organic products. The report describes activities taken to date by AMS, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). The report also identifies opportunities for future collaboration between these agencies, and presents a Needs Assessment for International Systems to better oversee organic trade.