Guide for Organic Crop Production

New farmers, and farmers experienced in conventional agriculture, often find that obtaining organic certification for their crops is quite challenging. This guide is intended to help lead farmers through the organic certification process. Chapters 1 through 4 explain the National Organic Program (NOP) and describe the process of organic certification.

Later chapters explain specific USDA organic regulations that apply to planting, soil fertility, pest management, and other farm practices. In addition to interpreting the regulations, this guide explains the practices and materials that are allowed for organic production.

Who should read this guide?

  • Conventional farmers who are considering organic certification for their crops.
  • Farmers in the process of converting to organic practices.
  • Farmers who are new to organic certification.
  • Farmers who are exempt from certification because they sell less than $5,000 of organic produce per year.
  • Extension personnel and other information providers.

This guide was designed to be read before completing an application for organic certification. This is not a required document; it is a helpful guide that you may use as you wish.

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