USDA Cites First Fruits Holdings LLC d/b/a Four Rivers Onion Packing in North Carolina for PACA Violations

Tuesday, November 3, 2020 - 12:30am
Contact Info
Release No.

WASHINGTON, Nov. 3, 2020 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has imposed sanctions on First Fruits Holdings LLC, doing business as Four Rivers Onion Packing, (First Fruits), Wake Forest, N.C., for violating the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (PACA). These sanctions include barring the business and the principal operators of the business from engaging in PACA-licensed business or other activities without approval from USDA.

First Fruits failed to pay $363,070 to five sellers for produce that was purchased, received and accepted in interstate and foreign commerce from November 2016 to July 2018. This is in violation of the PACA. First Fruits cannot operate in the produce industry until Oct. 26, 2022, and then only after they apply for and are issued a new PACA license by USDA.

The company’s principals, John Fowler, Mark Black, and Sean Swanson may not be employed by or affiliated with any PACA licensee until Oct. 26, 2021, and then only with the posting of a USDA approved surety bond.

USDA is required to publish the finding that a business has committed willful, repeated and flagrant violations of PACA as well as impose restrictions against those principals determined to be responsibly connected to the business during the violation period. Those individuals, including sole proprietors, partners, members, managers, officers, directors or major stockholders may not be employed by or affiliated with any PACA licensee without USDA approval.

By issuing these penalties, USDA continues to enforce the prompt and full payment for produce while protecting the rights of sellers and buyers in the marketplace.

For further information, contact Corey Elliott, Chief, Investigative Enforcement Branch, at (202) 720-6873 or

The PACA Division, which is in the Fair Trade Practices Program in the Agricultural Marketing Service, regulates fair trading practices of produce businesses that are operating subject to PACA, including buyers, sellers, commission merchants, dealers and brokers within the fruit and vegetable industry. In the past three years, USDA resolved approximately 3,625 PACA claims involving more than $104 million. PACA staff also assisted more than 7,600 callers with issues valued at approximately $166 million. These are just two examples of how USDA continues to support the fruit and vegetable industry.


Get the latest Agricultural Marketing Service news at or follow us on Twitter

@USDA_AMS. You can also read about us on the USDA blog.

USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer, and lender