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Definition of Specialty Crops  
Section 101 of the Specialty Crops Competitiveness Act of 2004 (7 U.S.C. 1621 note) and amended under section 10010 of the Agricultural Act of 2014, Public Law 113-79 (the Farm Bill) defines specialty crops as “fruits and vegetables, tree nuts, dried fruits, horticulture, and nursery crops (including floriculture).” Eligible plants must be cultivated or managed and used by people for food, medicinal purposes, and/or aesthetic gratification to be considered specialty crops. Processed products shall consist of greater than 50% of the specialty crop by weight, exclusive of added water.

 
A detailed definition of specialty crops was also developed for the purposes of this program and other U.S. Department of Agriculture programs.

 
The tables below list plants commonly considered fruits and tree nuts, vegetables, culinary herbs and spices, medicinal plants, as well as nursery, floriculture, and horticulture crops. There is also a separate list of ineligible commodities. These lists are not intended to be all inclusive, but rather to provide examples of the most common specialty crops. This web page will be updated as U.S. Department of Agriculture receives new questions about the eligibility of various crops.

 
Fruits and Tree Nuts

 
Almond
Grape (including raisin)
Apple
Guava
Apricot
Kiwi
Avocado
Litchi
Banana
Macadamia
Blackberry
Mango
Blueberry
Nectarine
Breadfruit
Olive
Cacao
Papaya
Cashew
Passion fruit
Citrus
Peach
Cherimoya
Pear
Cherry
Pecan
Chestnut (for nuts)
Persimmon
Coconut
Pineapple
Coffee
Pistachio
Cranberry
Plum (including prune)
Currant
Pomegranate
Date
Quince
Feijoa
Raspberry
Fig
Strawberry
Filbert (hazelnut)
Suriname cherry
Gooseberry
Walnut

 
Vegetables

 
Artichoke
Mushroom (cultivated)
Asparagus
Mustard and other greens
Bean
Snap or green
Lima
Dry, edible
Okra
Beet, table
Pea
Garden, English or edible pod
Broccoli (including broccoli raab)
Onion
Brussels sprouts
Opuntia
Cabbage (including Chinese)
Parsley
Carrot
Parsnip
Cauliflower
Pepper
Celeriac
Potato
Celery
Pumpkin
Chickpeas
Radish (all types)
Chive
Rhubarb
Collards (including kale)
Rutabaga
Cucumber
Salsify
Edamame
Spinach
Eggplant
Squash (summer and winter)
Endive
Sweet corn
Garlic
Sweet potato
Horseradish
Swiss chard
Kohlrabi
Taro
Leek
Tomato (including tomatillo)
Lentils
Turnip
Lettuce
Watermelon
Melon (all types)

 
Culinary Herbs and Spices

 
Ajwain
Clary
Malabathrum
Allspice
Cloves
Marjoram
Angelica
Comfrey
Mint (all types)
Anise
Common rue
Nutmeg
Annatto
Coriander
Oregano
Artemisia (all types)
Cress
Orris root
Asafetida
Cumin
Paprika
Basil (all types)
Curry
Parsley
Bay (cultivated)
Dill
Pepper
Bladder wrack
Fennel
Rocket (arugula)
Bolivian coriander
Fenugreek
Rosemary
Borage
Filé (gumbo, cultivated)
Rue
Calendula
Fingerroot
Saffron
Chamomile
French sorrel
Sage (all types)
Candle nut
Galangal
Savory (all types)
Caper
Ginger
Tarragon
Caraway
Hops
Thyme
Cardamom
Horehound
Turmeric
Cassia
Hyssop
Vanilla
Catnip
Lavender
Wasabi
Chervil
Lemon balm
Water cress
Chicory
Lemon thyme
Cicely
Lovage
Cilantro
Mace
Cinnamon
Mahlab

 
Medicinal Herbs

 
Artemisia
Marshmallow
Arum
Mullein
Astragalus
Passion flower
Boldo
Patchouli
Cananga
Pennyroyal
Comfrey
Pokeweed
Coneflower
St. John’s wort
Fenugreek
Senna
Feverfew
Skullcap
Foxglove
Sonchus
Ginkgo biloba
Sorrel
Ginseng
Stevia
Goat’s rue
Tansy
Goldenseal
Urtica
Gypsywort
Witch hazel
Horehound
Wood betony
Horsetail
Wormwood
Lavender
Yarrow
Liquorice
Yerba buena

 
Nursery, Floriculture, and Horticulture Crops

 
Horticulture

 
Honey
Tea Leaves
Turfgrass
Maple Syrup
Hops

 
Annual Bedding Plants

 
Begonia
Coleus
Dahlia
Geranium
Impatiens
Marigold
Pansy
Petunia
Snapdragon
Vegetable Transplants

 
Potted Flowering Plants

 
African Violet
Lily
Azalea
Orchid
Florist Chrysanthemum
Poinsettia
Flowering Bulbs
Rose
Hydrangea

 
Potted Herbaceous Perennials

 
Astilbe
Hosta
Columbine
Ivy
Coreopsis
Ornamental Grasses
Daylily
Peony
Delphinium
Phlox
Dianthus
Rudbeckia
Garden Chrysanthemum
Salvia
Heuchera
Vinca

 
Cut Flowers

 
Carnation
Chrysanthemum
Delphinium
Gladiolus
Iris
Lily
Orchid
Snapdragon
Tulip
Rose

 
Cut Cultivated Greens

 
Asparagus Fern
Holly
Coniferous Evergreens
Leatherleaf Fern
Eucalyptus
Pittosporum

 
Foliage Plants

 
Anthurium
Bromeliad
Cacti
Dieffenbachia
Dracaena
Fern
Ficus
Ivy
Palm
Philodendron
Spathipyllum

 
Christmas Trees

 
Balsam Fir
Living Christmas Tree
Blue Spruce
Noble Fir
Douglas Fir
Scots Pine
Fraser Fir
White Pine

 
Deciduous Flowering Trees

 
Crabapple
Dogwood
Crepe Myrtle
Flowering Pear
Flowering Cherry
Flowering Plum
Hawthorn
Magnolia
Redbud
Service Berry

 
Broadleaf Evergreens

 
Azalea
Boxwood
Cotoneaster
Euonymus
Holly
Pieris
Rhododendron
Viburnum

 
Deciduous Shade Trees

 
Ash
Elm
Honey Locust
Linden
Maple
Oak
Poplar
Sweetgum
Sycamore

 
Landscape Conifers

 
Aborvitae
Juniper
Chamaecyparis
Pine
Fir
Spruce
Hemlock
Yew

 
Deciduous Shrubs

 
Barberry
Bubbleia
Hibiscus
Hydrangea
Rose
Spirea
Viburnum
Weigela

 
List of Ineligible Commodities

 
Alfalfa
Peanuts
Amylomaize
Pod corn
Barley
Primrose
Buckwheat
Quinoa
Camelina
Rapeseed oil
Canola
Range grasses
Canola Oil
Rice
Clover
Rye
Cotton
Safflower meal
Cottonseed oil
Safflower oil
Dairy products
Shellfish (marine or freshwater)
Dent corn
Sorghum
Eggs
Soybean oil
Field corn
Soybeans
Fish (marine or freshwater)
Striped Maize
Flax
Sugar beets
Flaxseed
Sugarcane
Flint corn
Sunflower oil
Flower corn
Tobacco
Hay
Tofu
Hemp
Triticale
Livestock products
Waxy corn
Millet
Wheat
Mustard seed oil
White corn
Oats
Wild Rice
Peanut oil

 
  Last Modified Date: 05/11/2015