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Rice, Beans, and Lentils Terminology  

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B
Bag of Rice 100 lbs., also "pocket." 
Barrel of Rice 162 lbs.
Bran The outer layer of brown rice composed of the pericarp, aleurone layer, and a portion of the germ. 
Brewer's Rice Milled rice containing less than 25% of whole kernels and broken rice that does not meet the requirements for Second Heads or Screenings. 
Broken Kernels Kernels of rice that are less than three fourths of whole kernels.
Brown Rice Kernels of rice with the hull removed.
C
Chalky Kernels Whole or large broken kernels of rice that are one half or more chalky.
Classes (or Types) Long Grain, Medium Grain, Short Grain, and Mixed. 
Coated Milled Rice Milled rice that has been coated with a safe and suitable substance to enhance the appearance and increase the nutritional value. 
D
Damaged Kernels Whole or large broken kernels of rice that are distinctly discolored or damaged by water, insects, heat or any other means, and parboiled rice in non parboiled rice..
F
Foreign Material All matter other than rice and seeds.
G
Green Weight Pricing Basis Contract for rice as it comes from the field prior to drying.
Granulated Brewers Milled Rice Milled rice that has been crushed or granulated. 
H
Head Rice Whole kernels of milled rice.
Heat Damaged Kernels Whole or large broken kernels of rice that are materially discolored and damaged as a result of heating. 
M
Milled Rice Whole kernels and broken kernels of rice with both the hull and bran layer removed. (Also called white rice). 
June l to May 31 wheat, oats, flax, barley September l to August 3l corn, sorghum, soybeans, sunflowers, hops, added canola; deleted dry edible beans Deleted feedstuffs, hay, and rice crop years 
Milling Yield An estimate of the quantity of whole kernels and total milled rice (whole and broken kernels combined) that are produced in the milling of rough rice to a well milled degree. 100 lbs. of rough rice will usually produce the following: 58 68 lbs. of head rice; 4 10 lbs. of second heads, screenings, and brewer's rice; 28 30 lbs. of hulls, bran, and polish; about 2 lbs. of waste. 
Moisture The water content in rough rice. 
O
Objectionable Seeds Seeds other than rice, except seeds of barnyard grass, watergrass, and Japanese millet. 
Other Type Whole kernels of long grain rice in medium or short grain rice, etc.
P
Paddy Rice Another name for rough rice. 
Parboiled Rice in which the starch has been gelatinized by soaking, steaming and drying. 
Polish A powdery substance produced by a further refinement of milling rice, used mostly in baby food. 
R
Red Rice Whole or large broken kernels of rice on which there is an appreciable amount of red bran.
Rice Hulls Outer shell of rough rice. 
Rice Mill By product A mixture of rice bran and hulls used for livestock feed.
Rough Rice Kernels of rice as harvested from the field. 
S
Screenings Milled rice that contains less than 25% whole kernels and 75% medium to small brokens.
Second Heads Milled rice that contains less than 25% whole kernels and 75% large brokens. 
Seeds Whole or broken seeds of any plant other than rice.
Smutty Kernels Whole or broken kernels of rice that are distinctly infected by smut. 
U
Ungelatinized Kernels Whole or large broken kernels of parboiled rice with distinct white or chalky areas due to incomplete gelatinization of the starch.
Undermilled Milled Rice Rice that is not equal to the milling requirements.
Unrelated Material All matter other than rice, related material and seeds. 
W
Weevily Rough Rice Rough rice that is infested with live weevils or other live insects injurious to stored rice. 
Well Milled Kernels Whole or broken kernels of rice from which the hulls and practically all of the embryos and the bran layers have been removed. 
Whole Kernel Unbroken kernels of rice and broken kernels of rice that are at least three fourths of an unbroken kernel.

 


 
  Last Modified Date: 01/05/2011