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Agricultural Transportation

The Transportation Services Division (TSD) serves as the expert source for economic analysis on agricultural transportation from farm to markets. As part of USDA, we inform, represent, and assist agricultural shippers and government policymakers through: market reports, regulatory representation, economic analysis, transportation disruption reports, technical assistance, outreach to stakeholders, responding to inquiries.

SPOTLIGHT ON: Transportation of U.S. Grains: A Modal Share Analysis

Photo: Cover of Modal Share publication, showing photos of a train, truck, and barge transporting grain.
The Transportation of U.S. Grains: A Modal Share Analysis examines trends in the type of transportation used to move grains and oilseeds grown for the food and feed industry. Grains and oilseeds produced in the United States move to domestic and foreign markets through a well-developed transportation system. Barge, rail, and truck transportation facilitate a highly competitive market that bridges the gap between U.S. grain producers and domestic and foreign consumers. This report is revised and updated annually and now has data from 1978 through 2013, the most recent year available, on 5 major grains and oilseeds?corn, wheat, soybean, sorghum, and barley. For more information, see the fully updated report: Transportation of U.S. Grains: A Modal Share Analysis, 1978–2013 Update (.pdf).

What's New

U.S. Grain Transportation

Find analysis and information about market developments affecting rail, barge, truck, and ocean vessel movements of grain in these reports.

Transportation of Other Agricultural Products

International Transportation Analysis

Agricultural Transportation Research and Information Center

Find useful information and analysis on the transportation of agricultural products and the four major modes– trucking, railroads, barges, and ocean vessels– used to move food from farms to our tables and to ports for export to foreign markets. Find results of on-going research and analysis presented in issue papers and presentations, as well as additional resources available by mode and commodity.

Regulatory Representation

Find comments provided to various regulatory agencies by USDA and AMS, representing the interests of agricultural shippers under the authority of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, and International Carriage of Perishable Foodstuffs Act of 1982.


Find datasets that are used in producing many of the Transportation Services Division’s publications. These datasets are now available in Excel format for the transportation of grain, biofuels, and other agricultural products.

  Last Modified Date: 07/27/2015